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DDoS Attacks

According to latest news, RT.com- an International Russian- based Television network faced a sudden temporary slowdown that reached to about 10GBps in strength. The company reported that it was due to the DDoS attack that was identified as a UDP-flooded type and reached 10 GB per second. Another news I heard was about the attack of a hacker group named ‘Lizard Squad’ on the Destiny Console Game Servers. The group used DDoS attack that brings down the game server. The company said that have faced and suffered because of this attack in the past also. Even the Google coattails are being continuously rid by DDoS attack. The Google web crawlers are being exploited by cyber criminals by launching DDoS attacks. But what are these DDoS attack?

A Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack is an attempt to interrupt an online service like a banking website or a news website by making it unavailable by overwhelming it with traffic from multiple sources. Since this attack involves multiple sources, it becomes difficult or impossible rather to stop the attack by blocking a single IP. Also it becomes difficult to identify the origin of attack because of the involvement of multiple points of origin. Usually, the motive, means and targets of these attacks may vary consisting of efforts to suspend or interrupt or even damage the services of the targeted system or website, temporarily. How these attacks are generated?

The malicious hacker or the cyber criminals commands a fleet of computers controlled remotely to send a flood of network traffic to the targeted host. The host gets stuck in responding to these fake requests generated by the attackers and as such, unable to respond to its legitimate requests. This causes the target host to responds that result in long delays and breakdowns. The DDoS attacks are easy to generate and cheap to initiate. This is the reason that these attacks are increasingly every year.

The entire scenario goes in this way. The attacker builds ‘botnets’ or ‘robot network’ which is a network of infected computers sometimes called as ‘Zombies’. The botnet is created by the attacker by sending malicious softwares via websites, social media, mails, etc and then controlling them remotely. The owners have no idea about their systems being used as an army, remotely by someone. And the attacker then uses these systems to launch the attack on the targeted host as and when needed. These botnets may sometime involve millions of infected systems worldwide and are very strong. These botnets generate floods of traffic on the targeted host. The traffic can be generated by either sending multiple connection requests that a server is unable to handle or by sending huge amount of arbitrary data to use the target host’s bandwidth. The difference between a DoS and DDoS attack is that a DoS attack involves a single computer and a single internet connection to flood a target host whereas in DDoS, multiple computers are involved to flood a target host.

There are different types of DDoS Attacks, mainly TCP-Connection Attacks, Volume-Based Attacks, Protocol Attacks and Application Layer Attacks.

It is interesting to know that the names of the DDoS attacks are pretty amusing but disturbing. For Example, MyDoom is a DDoS attack that attacked the Microsoft. Some others are:

DDoS attack has clutched almost everyone over internet, including even the kings of internet like Microsoft, Yahoo and even Google. According to an investigation, Cyber Criminals are pretending to be the Google web crawlers. When we search for any word in the Google search engine, a set of tools and processes work to find this information. This software is called Googlebot which is a system of web crawlers or spiders that scans the internet continuously to search new pages which it adds to the library from which it draws the data that matches best with our search. But, according to a survey, more than 50million visitors are fake crawlers that visits 10,000 websites every month, out of which, about 4% are not what they claim to be. Also, out of these, about 24% are used by hackers to carry out DDoS attacks. These hackers send huge amounts of data to use the servers’ full data transmission capacity resulting it to crash. So, it is clear that the DDoS attackers have not even speared Google. But, what steps Google is taking to tackle these cyber criminals??

Google and ARBOR Network have come in collaboration to build a data visualization that maps global DDoS attacks on daily basis. The basis of this tool is the anonymous data that is related to these attacks, that allows users to explore historical trends and make the connection to related news events. The updations in the data are done daily. The historical data can be viewed for any country all round the world. The Digital Attack Map keeps an eye on the various kinds of cyber attacks taking place all over the Internet. When the map is clicked, the details on the kinds of attack, their volume of traffic, network ports involved, attack source and attack targets (country), are provided. Though, this information seems to be less meaningful, but helps a lot to give a brief view of internet traffic attacks. With the idea of providing a brief view and surfacing this data, it is hoped that more decisions will be made to reduce the DDoS Attacks.

Some other methods to mitigate the DDoS attacks can be:

Attackers Botnets

Compromised IoT devices that hackers exploited due to their security issues like no, default or weak password or firmware vulnerabilities never patched by the developer.

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